There should be an opportunity for elections in Bihar and the issue of backwardness of this state has not arisen, how can it be so good? It happens in every election. This time also the issue is cropping up. But the irony is that the political powers which have been most responsible for the backwardness of this state are more vocal today in this matter.
About 40 percent of the country's mineral content is found in undivided Bihar. The land of Bihar is also very fertile. Several Sadanira rivers flow in the state. Nevertheless, after independence, neither agriculture nor industry was expected to develop in this state. Tatanagar i.e., Jamshedpur was settled before independence.
The Son Canal was also built by the British. It brought happiness there, but after independence, no new Tatanagar was settled. The public sector started in the public sector, but most of them proved to be white elephants. The kind of honesty and efficiency needed for the public sector could not be ensured. Rail freight equalization stopped the development of large industries in undivided Bihar. On the other hand, due to relatively low government expenditure on agro-irrigation in Bihar, even the expected development of agriculture could not be done.
Actually, the purchasing power of the farmers would have increased due to the development of agriculture in the agrarian state. Industries would also be developed by this, but this could not happen. Who would buy the goods of the factories when the purchasing power of the majority of the population did not increase? If no one buys, how will the factories grow? As a result, Bihar had to remain backward.
In 1970, Bihar was second in the country in terms of backwardness. The most backward state then was Odisha. Until 1993, Bihar was in the same position in economic affairs as the rest. India was 15-20 years ago, that is, other states progressed, but Bihar lagged behind other states. Who was responsible for this? Those who remained responsible, their political successors today. What things are you talking about in the Bihar elections? Know the condition from 1951 to 1990.
The central government in Bihar in agriculture and allied sector per capita Rs 172 spent. In the same period, Rs 594 was spent in Punjab. The Bihar government almost failed to mobilize internal resources as well. In the financial year 1999-2000, the Bihar government raised a total of Rs 1982 crore from internal sources. At the same time, the annual income of the Andhra government was about six thousand crores.
The central subsidy was to be provided in proportion to the internal revenue of the state. Now tell me, which parties were, directly and indirectly, responsible for bringing the category of 'BIMARU' states of Bihar (Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh)? The situation began to improve after 2005, but only slowly, but by then it was late. Meanwhile, the population increased. Expenses increased People's needs 1. increased. Then began the demand for special status for Bihar. Finally, the central government said that this is not possible.
Then the Bihar government itself has to develop the state. Although central assistance to Bihar has increased significantly since 2014, it is inadequate in view of the needs. Due to better administration and financial management, it is estimated that in the financial year 2019-20, the Bihar government will have an income of Rs 38 thousand 606 crore. Bihar in 2004-05 The annual budget of the government was about 25 thousand crores.
Now it has increased to about two lakh crore rupees. In government expenditure, 'leakage' was very high, now it has reduced, but it has not stopped. A government formed after the election has to focus on stopping it. Only then the development of Bihar is possible at an even faster pace. Prior to independence, there was no railway freight equalization policy, but it was later implemented. Then, the freight was used to transport the mineral from Dhanbad to Patna via train, the same the freight used to be sent to Mumbai.
The result of this is that there was no compulsion for industrialists from outside to come to Bihar. Before independence 'there was such compulsion. That is why Jamsetji Ji Tata came to Bihar and established an industrial city in Tatanagar. While making the policy of rail freight equalization, the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had said, if the nation is to be strengthened, the regional disparity will have to be eradicated. For this, rail freight equalization is necessary. Nehru's chief advisors in this work were CD Deshmukh, TT Krishnamachari and Pratap Singh Caro.
But Kairo Saheb took most of the central expenditure on agriculture for Punjab. Bhakra became Nangal with that money. Punjab's cultivation shone through that. When a Bihar leader asked Jawaharlal Nehru for financial help to build a dam on the Kosi river, he said that for this, appeal to the people for Shramdaan. If the Gandak Irrigation Scheme and the Kosi River Plan had been concrete works since independence, then Bihar would have become a developed state in terms of agriculture.
When the policy of rail freight equalization increased instead of reducing regional disparity, it was abolished in the last decade of the last century, but by then an undivided Bihar had to be deprived of about Rs 10 lakh crore. If other industries like Tatanagar were set up in Bihar, Bihar would have got a profit of Rs 10 lakh crore and it would not remain backward.